Hundreds of Druze Protest Municipal Elections in Israel’s Golan Heights

Hundreds of Druze Arabs, some carrying Syrian flags, gathered outside the gates of a polling station in the Golan Heights on Tuesday, trying to block their townspeople from voting in municipal elections.

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Israeli police wearing helmets cleared a path for would-be voters outside the balloting center in Majdal Shams. As protesters continued to prevent people from entering, police fired tear gas to disperse the crowd. No one was hurt or arrested.

The town is the largest Druze community in the area of mountainous plateau that Israel captured from Syria in a 1967 war, unilaterally annexing it in 1981 in a move not recognized internationally.

>> An experiment in democracy: Torn between Syria and Israel, Golan Druze divided over first election

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Elections were supposed to be held in four Druze villages, but on Tuesday they were only held in two following the exit of candidates in the other two.

“The Golan’s identity is Arab and Syrian,” chanted the protesters as they put a banner on the entrance reading: “No to elections.”

Inside the building election officials sat in mostly empty rooms with blue ballot boxes bearing Israeli insignia.

Some voters made it past the protest.

“It’s my right to vote. I’m free to choose the right person,” said one man as he emerged from the polling station carrying a child. Glancing at the crowd, he refused to give his name.

At least nine Druze candidates recently dropped out of the race in four towns in the northern Golan, while threats of a religious and social boycott against those who remained continuing to grow.

One former candidate told Haaretz that he became convinced it was unreasonable for only a small segment of the population to be allowed to run as mayor – only citizens may run, and only about 20 percent of residents in these towns hold citizenship.  

The Druze are a fiercely independent Arab minority who practice an offshoot of Islam. Around 22,000 Druze live on the Israeli side of the Golan.

Israel, seeking to further integrate them, has offered citizenship but most Druze rejected it. Many regard themselves as Syrian, even after more than half a century of life under Israeli rule.

After an election eve town center meeting and march featuring dozens of rainbow Druze flags, the community’s elders issued a prohibition against candidates standing and people voting, threatening to make outcasts of anyone who took part.

“Candidates and those who come to vote will have a religious and social prohibition put upon them,” said Sheikh Khamis Khanjar. “What bigger punishment is there than this?”

Many Druze have enjoyed economic prosperity on the other side of the front line from their brethren in war-torn Syria.

“When you are in a state that is giving you all your rights, why wouldn’t you vote,” said Sahar Said Ahmed as she watched the election eve protest in a town square dominated by the statue of a Druze leader who fought French forces during the colonial era.

Outside the polling station Druze religious elders wearing their distinctive maroon and white caps urged youths not to confront the police. One concern was that the issue of taking part in Israeli elections was dividing the community.

“For more than 50 years Israel has been trying to sow disputes by divide and rule and it is happy at the differences that are surfacing,” said Moenis Abdullah.